In Buddhist practicians there are various types of objects on which it is possible to concentrate in the course of meditation: for example, certain object, or even mind, process of thinking. In practicians of the Mahajana it is offered to concentrate attention on the mental phenomena. In a tantra for concentration visualization itself in image of Buddha is used.
The mantra yoga is defined as art of achievement of spiritual progress by means of control of sound vibrations of the Yo-special forms of mantras. Modification of an intellectual and mental condition of the person by means of mantras can lead to excitement or calm, to emergence of a prayful spirit, etc. The mantra can consist both of several sounds, and of several words. Continuous pronouncing mantras in yoga practices dzhapa-meditation. sources a mantra yoga root in ancient idea of universal vibrations. In yantra-yoga special images become objects of meditation. In it is necessary - to yoga objects of meditation are internal sounds. In kundalini-yoga the effect of immersion in a condition of a trance is caused by the corresponding methods of management of the hidden energy of an organism.
Contemplation of moving waters, a wavy surface of mountains in something was similar to action of music, dance, a rhythm of pronouncing mantras – it pulled out the person from under the power of reality, immersing in a condition of a trance. The perception of the world in medieval China was meditative, coexisting near contemplate exercises and being formed under their influence.
The system of the Indian yoga differs the in a mnogoaspektnost: physical and mental properties of the person gain in it the harmonious development. All parties of functioning of a physical body, mind and mentality in yoga are in details coordinated. Meditative practice in its framework has strictly certain situation in the general system of exercises.
In my opinion, this dispersion of feelings and foreign thoughts in the course of meditation, exists in all systems of meditation, is only called as different names: "a stop of internal dialogue" at Castaneda, mechanical "unnecessary conversation" at Gurdzhiyev and so on.
Arrival of meditation on the West was marked by speed and scope. Therefore growth of interest in meditative practicians which in the western society actively began during an era of hippie, "children of flowers" when the movement new age and various institutes of development of abilities of the person like Esalen and Big Sur arose is clear and justified.
Meditative practice of a zen contains a set of techniques of reorganization of intellectual, spiritual and corporal structure of the person: the subjects for reflection (koans), dialogues with the mentor stimulating actions, unexpected influences (sharp hails, sudden blows, etc.). For stimulation of hard work of a brain, development of intellectual search the practice of riddles meaning meditation over special formulas or couplets was used. Practising it was necessary to find inner meaning of a riddle. Other part of preparation – intuitive dialogues of the pupil with the master () to which the huge array of information was transferred to the pupil in seconds. The purpose – to cause in consciousness of the pupil a resonance with consciousness of the master, to cause an enlightenment in a beginner or to prepare it for inspiration.
The spirit began to mean the Zen not only understanding of the world, but also devotion to art and work, richness of the contents, openness of intuition, expression of congenital beauty, an imperceptible charm of imperfection. The zen has many values, but any of them is not defined completely.
The Dzensky custom of self-knowledge through meditation for realization of the real human nature, with his neglect to a formalism, with its requirement of self-discipline and simplicity of life, eventually won support of the nobility and ruling circles of Japan and deep respect of all layers of philosophical life of the East.