There are neither good, nor bad temperaments. Each of them has the merits and demerits. The dignity of the choleric person — in a of concentration of considerable efforts in a short of time, and a shortcoming that during the long work the endurance is not always enough for it. The sanguine person, possessing fast reaction and the increased working capacity in an initial stage of work, by its end reduces working capacity not only because of a fast, but also in view of interest falling. The dignity of the phlegmatic person in a long and persistently to work, but he is not able quickly with -' to undertake and concentrate the efforts. The melancholiac differs in great patience, but slow entry into work, its is higher in the middle or at the end of work, but not at its beginning.
Impressionability — the property of the person characterizing extent of influence of various irritants, time of their preservation in memories and force of response to this influence. The - the property expressed in the speed, the contents, a, depth, dynamics of emotional processes and states. The - the property consisting in tendency of the person to work on the first motivation is spontaneous under the influence of external influences or suddenly gushed emotions. The - the increased tendency of the person to feel concern in any situations of life including not disposing to it. The concept of uneasiness is close to concept of a nevrotizm (G. I. Ayzenk).
Anatomo-fiziologichesky basis of social abilities when they become developed, so-called bodies - prizhiznenno the systems developing neuro providing functioning and an of the corresponding abilities act.
natural (or abilities at the heart of the biologically caused, connected with congenital inclinations, formed on their base, in the presence of an elementary of experience via learning mechanisms like conditioned-reflex communications are natural);
the theoretical, defining tendency of the person to abstyoraktno-logical thinking, and practical, the cornerstone tendencies to concrete and practical actions. The combination of these abilities is peculiar to only versatily gifted people;
Abilities - not static, but dynamic educations, their and development occurs in process defined organized activity and communication. Development of the happens step by step.
the general by which progress of the person in the most different types of activity and communication (intellectual, the developed memory and the speech, accuracy and a subtlety of movements of hands etc.), and the special, defining progress of the person in separate of activity and communication where special type of inclinations and their development are necessary is defined (abilities mathematical, technical, literary and linguistic, art and creative, sports etc.). These abilities, as a rule, can supplement and enrich each other, but each of them has own structure;
The person capable to many and different types of a and communication, possesses the general endowments, that is the unity of abilities causing the range of its opportunities, level and an originality of activity and communication.
the specific human abilities having an obyoshchestvenno-historical origin and providing life and development in the social environment (the general and special highest abilities which cornerstone use , logic, theoretical and practical, educational and creatively is. Specific human abilities in turn on:
In character it is possible to allocate a number of subsystems or properties (lines), just and expressing various relation of the personality to the parties of reality. In the first subsystem the lines which are shown in activity (initiative, a, diligence, or, on the contrary, lack of initiative, laziness etc.). The lines of the personality which are shown in the relations of the person with other people, i.e. in an (tactfulness tactlessness, politeness roughness, keenness callousness etc.) belong to the second subsystem. The third subsystem is made by lines which are shown concerning the person to themselves (self-criticism - the overestimated self-conceit, modesty impudence etc.). The fourth is a set of the relations of the person to things (akkuratyonost-disorder, generosity avarice, etc.).